Ideal Wine Storage Temperature for Your Collection

Ideal storage temperature:

  • Lighter Red Wines: 55°F (13°C)
  • Medium to Full-Bodied Red Wines: 55-60°F
  • Rosé Wines: 50°F
  • Light to Medium Whites: 50°F
  • Full-Bodied Whites: 55°F
  • Sparkling Wines: 45-50°F
  • Fortified Wines: 60-65°F
  • Consistent storage at around 55°F helps in aging wine
  • Red wines enjoy slightly warmer temperatures than white wines

Have you ever had a disappointing bottle of wine due to improper storage? Interested in finding the ideal wine storage temperature? Planning to cellar wine for future enjoyment and ensure perfect conditions? You’re in the right place!

If you’re new to wine collecting or want to learn about wine care basics, aging science, and flavor effects, explore our comprehensive guide. Discover the wine aging process, learn about temperature, humidity, light, and vibration’s impact on your wine integrity.

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What is the Ideal Storage Temperature Range?

The ideal storage temperature for wine falls within the range of 50-61°F (10-16°C) which will ensures gradual evolution of wine flavors, aromas, and textures, promoting complexity over time. When storing wines for short-term enjoyment, maintaining a consistent storage temperature with minimal fluctuations. Aim for up to 65°F (18°C) to prevent quality degradation.

Is there a difference in ideal wine storage temperature between a room and a wine cellar?

The ideal temperature for wine room storage and ideal wine cellar storage temperature do not differ significantly. Both require maintaining a stable coolness, typically ranging from 10°C to 16°C (50°F to 61°F), with 13°C (55°F) being considered the optimal temperature for wine storage. It’s important to maintain stability in temperature, whether in storage rooms or wine cellars.

White Wine Storage Temperature

White wines generally prefer cooler temperatures compared to reds. The ideal storage temperature for white wine typically ranges between 45 and 55°F (7-13°C).

WHITE Wines Storage Temperature Chart

Dry white wines (Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Gris,..)47°F (8°C)
Fuller-bodied white wines (Chardonnay,..)53°F (11°C)
Sweeter white wines (Moscato or Riesling)42-45°F (5-7°C)
Eiswein, Sweet Vouvray42-45°F (5-7°C)
Crémant, non-vintage Classic Rosé, White Zinfandel42-45°F (5-7°C)
Vintage Sparkling wine, Muscat New World, Riesling, Gewürztraminer, Loire Valley Whites (such as Sancerre), Sauvignon Blanc, Alsace Riesling, Italian Whites43-47°F (6-8°C)
Nouveau, French Chablis, Chardonnay, White Burgundy, Viognier, Condrieu48-52°F (9-11°C)
Côtes du Rhône Whites53-56°F (12-13°C)

Red Wine Storage Temperature

The best temperature for storing red wine typically ranges between 45°F (7°C) and 65°F (18°C), with 55°F (13°C) being ideal for long-term preservation. A slight variation above or below this range is acceptable for wines meant to be consumed within a year or two.

If unsure of the red wine type, storing it around 55°F (13°C) is a good rule of thumb.

Red Wines Storage Temperature Chart

Sweet Sparkling Wine39-43°F (4-6°C)Maintain its sweetness and effervescence
Eiswein42-45°F (5-7°C)Highlight its concentrated flavors and balanced acidity
Crémant, non-vintage Classic Rosé42-45°F (5-7°C)Best appreciate their delicate nuances
Muscat New World43-46°F (6-8°C)Preserve its aromatic profile and freshness
Beaujolais48-52°F (9-11°C)Enhance its fruit-forward characteristics
Tawny Port (chilled)50-54°F (10-12°C)Refreshing experience of this typically warmer wine
Côtes du Rhône53-56°F (12-13°C)Balance the spicy and fruity flavors
Chianti, Sangiovese, Barbera56-58°F (13-14°C)Enjoy their acidity and fruit notes
Tawny Port59-62°F (15-17°C)Allow the tannins to soften slightly without overshadowing the fruit
Red Burgundy, Pinot Noir, Chianti Riserva, Barolo, Merlot (oak-aged)61-63°F (16-17°C)Experience their smooth textures and ripe flavors
Young Bordeaux, Young Cab58-61°F (14-16°C)Appreciate its richness and complexity without the heat of alcohol overpowering
Merlot, Light Zinfandel58-62°F (14-17°C)Savor the balance between tannin, fruit, and earthy notes
Grand Cru Bordeaux, Mature California Cab, Mature Rhone, Zinfandel, Vintage Port61-64°F (16-18°C)Developing and appreciating their complex aromas and flavors to the fullest

Sparkling Wine Storage Temperature

Around 40-45°F (4-7°C), the ideal serving temperature for sparkling wine, is also suitable for short-term storage. Cooler temperatures help retain the bubbly effervescence of sparkling wines like Champagne, Prosecco, and Cava.

For long-term storage, maintain a consistent 50-55°F (10-13°C) – the ideal temperature for still wines intended for aging.

Sparkling Wine Storage Temperature Chart

Sparkling Wine StyleIdeal Serving TemperatureSuitable for Long-Term Cellaring?
Champagne (Non-Vintage)40-45°F (4-7°C)Generally No (Enjoy within a few years)
Champagne (Vintage)40-45°F (4-7°C)Yes (Cellaring can develop complexity)
Prosecco45-48°F (7-8°C)No (Made for youthful enjoyment)
Cava40-48°F (4-8°C)Varies, some age-worthy examples exist
Franciacorta40-45°F (4-7°C)Some styles can benefit from cellaring
Crémant (France)40-48°F (4-8°C)Varies by region and style
Sekt (Germany/Austria)40-45°F (4-7°C)Some higher-end Sekt can age
Espumante (Portugal)40-45°F (4-7°C)Some styles can age
Moscato d’Asti40-45°F (4-7°C)No (Best consumed young and fresh)
Sparkling Shiraz40-45°F (4-7°C)Generally No
New World Sparkling40-48°F (4-8°C)Depends on style and producer

Fortified Wine Storage Temperature

Sherry and Madeira are best stored at 55°F (13°C) to maintain their delicate flavors, while Port and Marsala prefer 55-65°F (13-18°C). Fortified wines like Ruby Port, Tawny Port, late-harvest wines like certain Rieslings and dessert wines with high sugar levels can benefit from chilling at 50-55°F (10-13°C) for balanced sweetness.

Fortified Wine Storage Temperature CHART

Fortified Wine StyleIdeal Serving TemperatureStorage: After Opening
Sherry (Fino, Manzanilla)Lightly Chilled, 44-48°F (7-9°C)Refrigerate, consume within a few days
Sherry (Amontillado, Oloroso)Slightly Chilled, 53-57°F (12-14°C)Refrigerate, consume within a few weeks
Sherry (Palo Cortado, Cream)Lightly Chilled, 50-55°F (10-13°C)Refrigerate, consume within weeks
Port (Ruby, Reserve Ruby)Slightly Chilled, 55-60°F (13-16°C)Refrigerate, consume within weeks
Port (Tawny)Room Temp or Slightly Chilled, 60-65°F (16-18°C)Refrigerate, consume within weeks (younger styles last longer)
Port (Vintage)Room Temp, 65°F (18°C)Decant, consume within a few days
MadeiraVaries by style, Room Temp, 65°F (18°C) for Bual/MalmseyExtremely long-lived once opened (months to years)
MarsalaDepends on style: Fine (chilled), Vergine (room temp)Can last several months open, depends on style
Banyuls, MauryLightly Chilled, 50-55°F (10-13°C)Refrigerate, consume within a few weeks
Vin SantoChilled or Room Temp, 65°F (18°C), depends on sweetnessVaries depending on style, some last months opened
CommandariaLightly Chilled, 50-55°F (10-13°C)Refrigerate, consume within a few weeks
Ideal Red Wine Storage Temperature

Ideal Conditions For Storing Wine Long-Term

Key factors impacting wine aging and development are temperature, humidity, light exposure, vibration, and bottle orientation.

  • Temperature: Consistent 55°F (13°C) is essential for the long-term aging of wine, as it prevents the degradation of key compounds that contribute to wine’s flavor and aroma profile. Avoid placing storage units near heat sources (radiators, ovens). If your space is prone to heat, invest in more robust climate control.
  • Humidity: Keeping cork moisture levels between 50-70% helps prevent drying out and avoid potential mold risks.
  • Darkness: Both natural and artificial light emit UV rays that can harm wine. This process, called “lightstrike,” can make wines taste flat and older than they are. Storing wine in a dark place, shielded from sunlight and LED sources, helps prevent these negative effects.
  • Vibration: Keep wine away from vibrations to protect its aging process and flavor. Avoid placing it near machinery or areas with frequent movements.
  • Bottle Orientation: Keeping wine bottles horizontal to maintaining the cork’s moisture, particularly vital for wines sealed with natural corks. This orientation ensures that the wine is in contact with the cork, keeping it swollen and preventing oxidation and premature aging.
  • Air Quality: The storage environment for wine should be free of strong odors. Chemicals, paints, foods, and other strong smells can permeate through the cork and adversely affect the wine’s flavor.

Ideal Wine Storage Locations

Wine Cellars – Wine cellars, whether passive or active, are specialized spaces for long-term wine storage. They preserve fine wines by maintaining optimal conditions using natural elements or advanced climate control systems. Ideal for serious collectors, wine cellars offer capacity and flexibility for enhancing wine maturation over time.

Refrigeration Units (Wine Fridges) – Self-contained units in various sizes, from countertop to large cabinets. Thermoelectric cooling tends to be quieter than compressor-based systems, makes them ideal for smaller collections or situations where dedicated cellar space isn’t available.

Wine Cabinets – Like wine fridges, these units focus on design and aesthetics. They feature shelving, lighting, and sometimes multiple temperature zones, perfect for integrating wine storage into your living space effortlessly.

Tools for Monitoring – Digital thermometers provide basic yet accurate temperature readings, while hygrometers help maintain optimal humidity levels for wine storage. Smart sensors offer advanced connectivity to monitor conditions in real-time and make immediate adjustments for perfect preservation.


Does room temperature storage damage red wine?

Yes, storing red wine at room temperature can damage its flavor and aroma profile over time. Exposing red wine to direct sunlight or artificial light sources can also lead to deterioration of the wine’s flavor. Store all wines, including reds, in a dark and stable environment.

What is the ideal humidity level for wine storage?

The ideal humidity level for wine storage is between 50-70%. This range helps keep the corks moist, preventing them from drying out and allowing air to seep into the bottle. Avoid exceeding 70% humidity, as this can lead to mold growth in the storage area.

Can I store my wine in a regular fridge?

I am not recommended to store wine in a regular fridge for long periods, as the temperature and humidity levels may not be suitable for aging wines. If you plan on consuming the wine within a few days, it can be stored in a standard refrigerator at around 55°F (13°C).

How does humidity affect wine storage alongside temperature?

Low humidity levels can cause corks to dry out, allowing air to enter the bottle and damage the wine’s flavor. High humidity can lead to mold growth, which can also negatively impact the wine’s quality.


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Williams T. Edwards
Williams T. Edwards, the visionary founder of Williams Minneapolis, has not only shaped a vibrant and dynamic venue but has also brought his expertise in wine coolers to the forefront of the local scene. This unique establishment, with its blend of history and modernity, invites patrons to experience its welcoming ambiance, diverse beverage selection, and entertainment options. Whether you're a local looking for a reliable favorite or a visitor seeking a memorable night out, Williams Minneapolis is a must-visit destination in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
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